Monday, October 21, 2002

North Korea Cheated on Clinton Nuke Deal

North Korea's Dangerous Deception
by Notra Trulock
October 21, 2002

North Korea has finally admitted that it has been pursuing the development of nuclear weapons despite promises to the contrary. In 1994, in a deal engineered in part by Nobel Peace Prize winner Jimmy Carter, the Clinton administration tried to bribe North Korea into abandoning its nuclear intentions. In return for a pile of cash, an annual supply of fuel oil, and new supposedly proliferation-resistant nuclear reactors, North Korea agreed to freeze plutonium production at its nuclear facilities north of Pyongyang. The deal became known as the Agreed Framework; but North Korea also promised to remain in the Non-Proliferation Treaty, and live up to its obligations under the International Atomic Energy Agreement nuclear safeguards program.

In short, the Clinton administration thought it had bought off North Korea. What started as a limited accomplishment would soon be touted as a "major diplomatic success" for an administration short on such successes. Bill Clinton, Madeleine Albright and others also scored it as a major achievement in their campaign to stop the spread of nuclear weapons. Over the years, the intelligence community raised "concerns" about covert activities in North Korea, but the White House and State Department usually dismissed these as worst-case scenarios based on sketchy evidence.

Now the State Department reports that North Korea considers the Agreed Framework "nullified." If true, this suggests some very ominous "worst-case" scenarios largely forgotten or ignored by the media. First, as part of the Agreed Framework, the North Koreans insisted that the U.S. refurbish and preserve a storage pool full of spent fuel rods, recently dumped from its production reactor. Many in the U.S. Energy Department, which eventually cleaned and canned the rods, thought this a bad idea and said so at that time. The White House and State Department, however, were intent on closing the deal and ignored those warnings.

Should they now opt to reprocess this fuel, Pyongyang would have enough plutonium for about five nuclear warheads, thanks to the Clinton administration and American taxpayers. That would be in addition to the plutonium the U.S. judged the North Koreans had produced by 1994, believed to be enough for two, possibly three nuclear warheads. An intelligence-community estimate last December strongly implied that North Korea had already fabricated these weapons.

At the time of the agreement, there was much concern inside the intelligence community that North Korea would cheat on the deal by pursuing other routes to the development of nuclear warheads. The alternative to plutonium is highly enriched uranium (HEU), which is most commonly produced using gas centrifuges. In 1999, the Washington Times reported that the North Koreans had tried to buy electrical components for gas centrifuges from Japan, but the sale was blocked. Now they have admitted what that suggested—that they had started secretly to produce weapons using highly enriched uranium. The facilities it requires are more easily hidden than the reactors that produce plutonium.

The State Department says that it has acquired evidence of North Korea’s HEU production only recently. It is easy to understand why the Clinton administration would try to conceal the fact that the agreement with North Korea was an extremely costly blunder. We have poured $100 million a year in fuel and food into North Korea to keep Kim Jong Il from developing nuclear warheads, all in vain. The continuation of this largesse in the first two years of the Bush administration raises the question of why it took so long to find that North Korea was cheating. In addition, U.S. diplomats in Pyongyang have been told that North Korea has "more powerful things as well," apparently a reference to their extensive chemical and biological weapons programs.

Many suspect North Korea acquired gas centrifuges from Pakistan as payment for North Korean long-range missiles supplied in the late 1990s. North Korea actively markets several long-range missile systems to Iran, Egypt, Syria and others to generate revenue for its weapons-of-mass-destruction programs.

All this could throw a monkey wrench in the administration’s plans for Iraq. North Korea, for example, could use this as a pretext to return to testing of a missile capable of delivering a nuclear warhead to targets in the United States. Some of President Bush’s critics have asked why he included North Korea in his "axis of evil." Last week’s disclosures have answered that question. Like Saddam Hussein, Kim Jong Il is a cruel tyrant who starves his subjects to maintain a huge army and produce weapons of mass destruction. He has shown that his word is worthless.

Notra Trulock is an Associate Editor at Accuracy in Media.



9 Comments:

At 1:45 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I will be your frequent visitor, that's for sure. pain relief Read a useful article about tramadol tramadol

 
At 1:19 AM, Blogger oakleyses said...

louis vuitton outlet, michael kors outlet online, red bottom shoes, longchamp outlet, polo ralph lauren outlet, ray ban sunglasses, louboutin shoes, coach outlet store online, nike air max, michael kors outlet online, nike air max, cheap oakley sunglasses, michael kors outlet online, christian louboutin outlet, ray ban outlet, jordan shoes, louis vuitton outlet, kate spade outlet online, nike shoes, michael kors outlet online, oakley vault, oakley sunglasses, coach outlet, louis vuitton outlet online, tiffany jewelry, christian louboutin shoes, prada handbags, tiffany and co jewelry, gucci handbags, coach outlet, louis vuitton handbags, longchamp handbags, prada outlet, burberry outlet online, longchamp outlet online, burberry outlet online, kate spade handbags, louis vuitton, tory burch outlet, michael kors outlet store, michael kors outlet, polo ralph lauren, chanel handbags, coach purses, nike free

 
At 1:20 AM, Blogger oakleyses said...

north face pas cher, converse pas cher, hermes pas cher, oakley pas cher, vans pas cher, michael kors canada, mulberry, lacoste pas cher, sac michael kors, nike air max, ralph lauren, nike huarache, nike trainers, nike free pas cher, longchamp pas cher, nike blazer pas cher, burberry pas cher, michael kors uk, sac vanessa bruno, louis vuitton, hollister, timberland, chaussure louboutin, true religion outlet, louis vuitton uk, ray ban uk, north face, air jordan, longchamp, true religion, louis vuitton pas cher, lululemon, tn pas cher, barbour, sac louis vuitton, guess pas cher, ray ban pas cher, air max, scarpe hogan, nike air force, nike free, ralph lauren pas cher, nike roshe, air max pas cher, true religion outlet, new balance pas cher, abercrombie and fitch, nike roshe run, hollister, nike air max

 
At 1:21 AM, Blogger oakleyses said...

p90x workout, soccer shoes, asics shoes, ugg boots, wedding dresses, ugg outlet, beats headphones, mont blanc pens, herve leger, lululemon outlet, marc jacobs outlet, rolex watches, reebok outlet, hollister, canada goose, longchamp, ghd, canada goose outlet, jimmy choo shoes, vans outlet, nfl jerseys, soccer jerseys, uggs outlet, canada goose pas cher, instyler ionic styler, abercrombie and fitch, bottega veneta, babyliss pro, ferragamo shoes, moncler, new balance outlet, ugg, roshe run, moncler outlet, north face jackets, canada goose outlet, uggs on sale, birkin bag, mcm handbags, celine handbags, ugg soldes, giuseppe zanotti, canada goose outlet, north face outlet, chi flat iron, insanity workout, moncler, mac cosmetics, canada goose uk, valentino shoes

 
At 7:16 PM, Blogger oakleyses said...

oakley sunglasses, michael kors outlet, tory burch outlet, christian louboutin, christian louboutin uk, longchamp outlet, prada outlet, michael kors outlet store, longchamp outlet, polo ralph lauren outlet online, tiffany and co, ray ban sunglasses, replica watches, coach outlet, oakley sunglasses wholesale, nike air max, michael kors outlet, coach purses, oakley sunglasses, ray ban sunglasses, michael kors outlet online, coach outlet store online, christian louboutin shoes, kate spade, true religion outlet, burberry handbags, nike outlet, jordan shoes, polo outlet, coach outlet, nike air max, michael kors outlet online, chanel handbags, burberry outlet, tiffany jewelry, prada handbags, longchamp outlet, michael kors outlet online, gucci handbags, kate spade outlet, christian louboutin outlet, nike free

 
At 7:24 PM, Blogger oakleyses said...

converse pas cher, ray ban pas cher, north face, nike free run, sac vanessa bruno, burberry pas cher, sac hermes, nike air force, nike free uk, lululemon canada, new balance, north face uk, nike tn, guess pas cher, michael kors, nike air max uk, timberland pas cher, nike air max, true religion jeans, hollister uk, true religion outlet, nike roshe, ray ban uk, louboutin pas cher, longchamp pas cher, air max, hollister pas cher, ralph lauren uk, jordan pas cher, nike air max uk, polo ralph lauren, michael kors pas cher, hogan outlet, sac longchamp pas cher, true religion outlet, polo lacoste, abercrombie and fitch uk, vans pas cher, michael kors outlet, nike blazer pas cher, mulberry uk, oakley pas cher

 
At 7:26 PM, Blogger oakleyses said...

celine handbags, iphone 6 cases, mcm handbags, reebok outlet, insanity workout, longchamp uk, timberland boots, hermes belt, hollister clothing, beats by dre, oakley, nike roshe run uk, giuseppe zanotti outlet, north face outlet, soccer shoes, nike roshe run, mac cosmetics, soccer jerseys, ghd hair, ferragamo shoes, vans outlet, nike trainers uk, nike huaraches, herve leger, abercrombie and fitch, p90x workout, babyliss, mont blanc pens, asics running shoes, instyler, hollister, new balance shoes, baseball bats, lululemon, wedding dresses, chi flat iron, valentino shoes, nfl jerseys, bottega veneta, nike air max, jimmy choo outlet, north face outlet

 
At 7:28 PM, Blogger oakleyses said...

toms shoes, pandora jewelry, ugg,ugg australia,ugg italia, louboutin, ugg boots, supra shoes, ray ban, swarovski, juicy couture outlet, vans, uggs on sale, converse, ugg,uggs,uggs canada, juicy couture outlet, thomas sabo, lancel, karen millen uk, nike air max, hollister, uggs outlet, ugg boots, uggs outlet, hollister, replica watches, ugg pas cher, gucci, swarovski crystal, ralph lauren, wedding dresses, ugg, converse outlet, pandora charms, ugg uk, pandora uk, marc jacobs, coach outlet, links of london, montre pas cher

 
At 11:43 PM, Blogger mmjiaxin said...

winter coats
ralph lauren outlet
nike foamposite
cheap soccer jerseys
canada goose outelt
uggs outlet
cheap uggs
ray ban outlet
mulberry handbags
michael kors uk
true religion outlet uk
lululemon pants
true religion outlet
swarovski crystal
ugg outlet store
calvin klein outlet
michael kors handbags clearance
louis vuitton bags
ugg boots
tory burch outlet online
mm1215

 

Post a Comment

<< Home |

Search for
Get a Free Search Engine for Your Web Site

Web Site Counter
FREE hit counter and Internet traffic statistics from freestats.com
1-Hit Search Engine Optimization and Search Engine Submission
Click Here Subscribe with Bloglines Listed in LS Blogs Blog Directory & Search engineWeb Counter Site Meter