Saturday, February 26, 2000

Eyewitness Account of the Trial of 20th July Conspirators (24 April 1945)


C.S.D.I.C. (U.K.)
S.I.R. 1643
24 Apr 45
Report on information obtained from PW KP/229533 Fw Sonderführer GOETTSCH-GYX Fallschirm AOK (Prop Kp) captured at LINGEN 6 Apr 45

1. PW's family is of Norwegian origin. His father, a former regular Naval officer, came under suspicion as a close collaborator of SELDTE in the Stahlhelm. PW is intelligent and has worked as a journalist since 1933. He claims to have taken a leading part in anti-Nazi youth organisations in BERLIN.
2. On 25 Jul 44 PW was ordered by "PK 1/16 Hauptamt Luft" to attend the trial of the conspirators of 20 Jul before the People's Court.

3 The trial took place on 28 and 29 Jul [handwritten comment: No. 7 & 8 August] in the Amtsgericht MOABIT used since 1938 for the People's Court. The presiding judge was the well-known solicitor, Dr FREISSLER [sic: Freisler] of KASSEL. There were eight other judges, none well known.
4. Besides the judges, there was also present a Court of Honour.
of 15 under the presidency of GUDERIAN. It included Sepp DIETRICH, JODL, KEITEL, MILCH, MODEL RUNDSTEDT and Genlt TROTT.
5. The defendants were Gen Feldm von WITZLEBEN, Gen HAASE, Rittm Graf von der SCHULENBURG, Hptm HASSE; Oblt Dr GOERDELER, Graf HELLDORF, Gen Obst BECK, Gen LINDEMANN and the deceased Obst Graf STAUFFENBERG were tried in their absence. The defendants present were all in civilian clothes, without chains. SCHULENBURG alone appeared self-possessed and spoke up frankly and clearly. WITZLEBEN and the others had no military bearing, appeared cowed and beaten up and spoke falteringly.
6. The three prosecuting counsel, Gen HIMMELREICH, a Party representative and a civilian from the Party Court took but a small part in the proceedings
7. The six defending counsel (one for each defendant and one for the absentees) who had been appointed, were unknown, and were not called on, except for the final appeal.
8. Between 900 and 1100 persons were present in Court. There were no photographers, but there were about 360 Press representatives, of whom three-quarters were in the Services.. Amongst the audience were nearly two hundred generals, including FROMM, and about a hundred other officers. All of these gave the impression of having been forced to attend. There was no opportunity for the general public to attend.
9. In a special enclosure for distinguished visitors were GOEBBELS, HIMMLER, Reichsjugendführer AXMANN, the Ministers DORPMÜLLER, OHNESORGE, FUNK, LEY and SPEER, KESSELRING, SPERRLE and RICHTHOFEN, DÖNITZ and Gen Adm ALBRECHT, Reichspressechef DIETRICH, SS Brigadeführer SCHORF of BERLIN, Frau SCHOLZ-KLINK, and nearly all the Gauleiters, including Baldur von SCHIRACH, and a number of other leading Party figures.

10. The proceedings were opened at 1000 hrs on 28 Jul by the presiding judge, and the prosecuting counsel read the charges in the name of the German Nation and its Leader. Thereupon GUDERIAN, as President of the Court of Honour, gave a brief resume of the events and their motives. The defendants were called upon to answer a few questions, which had no logical thread of continuity. This was obviously done for dramatic effect. The defendants were addressed throughout without any rank, simply by their surname. On entering the Court WITZLEBEN used the German greeting and was reprimanded by FREISSLER on the grounds that, as a traitor, he had no right to use this form. This impression of theatricality was increased when the witnesses were called for identification and to confirm, under oath on the Bible, statements previously made, but not disclosed in Court.
11. The witnesses included the new Stadtkommandant of BERLIN, the Comd of the Wachregiment, the Comd of the POTSDAM Panzer Garrison, Gen FELLGIEBEL, the second wife of Prof SAUERBRUCH,
a number of officials of the BERLIN Gestapo, and officers and a civilian - not a Party member - from the Führer Hauptquartier.
12. The session was adjourned at midday and resumed in camera from 1400 to 1800 hrs. The journalists and all officers, except the Court of Honour, were excluded. Only the distinguished visitors, including all the Gauleiters and a few party and SS functionaries were allowed, to remain

13. The session was opened at 1130 hrs and the defendants were questioned by FREISSLER.
14. Asked to justify his treasonable action, WITZLEBEN said he had long foreseen that under the National Socialist Regime, his military career would end. similarly to that of FRITSCH and BRAUCHITSCH. Thereupon FREISSLER asked. him why, in the event of the Putsch succeeding, he as the senior, would have been willing to serve as Minister of War under BECK. To this WITZLEBEN replied that his interests were purely military and. that the ministerial posts were to be allotted, not according to National Socialist orthodoxy, but according to expert
15. Asked what his first action on taking office would have been, WITZLEBEN answered that he would have given orders for all military and civil prisons and concentration camps to be opened. At this FREISSLER exclaimed, "That is dreadful! You as a Field Marshal would have let loose the dregs of humanity on the civilized cultured world of our Fatherland." WITZLEBEN made no further reply.
16. The questions to HAASE and HASSE were unimportant. HAASE stated that he had acted under WITZLEBEN's orders and had foreseen his fate for two years previously, as being similar to that of BRAUCHITSCH and FRITSCH.
17. SCHULENBURG was asked whether he was informed about the attack on the Führer, planned for 12 Dec 43 and why it was not carried out. "Because somebody failed" was his ringing reply. When FREISSLER asked him to name the defaulter, he replied, "Someone failed, whom that plot had destined for high office". When the judge asked for the name of this man, SCHULENBURG, after a moment of ominous silence, drew himself up and with a deliberate movement of his hand indicated HIMMLER. The Minister and the defendant exchanged steady glances, and then SCHULENBURG said that Reich minister HIMMLER, the Chief of Police, was the one who failed. Thereupon the judge, sensing HIMMLER's discomfiture, broke off the exchange.
18. The prosecuting counsel then rose to make his statement and demanded the death penalty, by hanging, for the defendants, together with the confiscation of their property and the protective arrest of their nearest relatives.

19. The Court was cleared and the bench and the Court of Honour withdrew to consider their verdict. The defendants were conducted back to their cells by SS guards and passed through the audience waiting outside the Court. The faces of the generals waiting, evinced embittered disillusionment and there was little conversation.
20. After 30 minutes the Court reassembled to hear the verdict, which was relayed by radio. Although the accused had been deprived of their military rank, they were ordered to hold themselves like soldiers. SCHULENBURG remained impassive. All were condemned to be hanged and to have their property confiscated.
21. After FREISSLER had given the reasons for the verdict, the defendants were invited, to make statements. With the exception of SCHULENBURG, they all requested through counsel to be shot rather than hanged. This plea was brusquely . refused, so SCHULENBURG, when called on, answered "I have nothing further to say. A request like that of my colleagues would only meet with the same reply and I do not wish to hear that again".
22. Finally the presiding judge requested all present to rise in honour of those who had lost their life in the Putsch, and the proceedings closed with a "Sieg Heil" in honour of the Führer and the German Nation.
23 The sentence was carried out four hours later.

24. PW considers that the entire trial was staged in order to impress the generals, who had been forced to attend. All Press representatives had to submit their reports for censorship to the Propaganda Ministry. To their surprise they received back a brief and tendentious report from the pen of GOEBBELS, which had to be printed intact and unaltered in all newspapers.
C.S.D.I.C. (U.K)
24 Apr 45
M.I.19.a War Office (85 copies)
N.I.D. Admiralty ( 4 copies)
A.D.I.(K) Air Ministry ( 6 copies)


At 1:19 AM, Blogger oakleyses said...

louis vuitton outlet, michael kors outlet online, red bottom shoes, longchamp outlet, polo ralph lauren outlet, ray ban sunglasses, louboutin shoes, coach outlet store online, nike air max, michael kors outlet online, nike air max, cheap oakley sunglasses, michael kors outlet online, christian louboutin outlet, ray ban outlet, jordan shoes, louis vuitton outlet, kate spade outlet online, nike shoes, michael kors outlet online, oakley vault, oakley sunglasses, coach outlet, louis vuitton outlet online, tiffany jewelry, christian louboutin shoes, prada handbags, tiffany and co jewelry, gucci handbags, coach outlet, louis vuitton handbags, longchamp handbags, prada outlet, burberry outlet online, longchamp outlet online, burberry outlet online, kate spade handbags, louis vuitton, tory burch outlet, michael kors outlet store, michael kors outlet, polo ralph lauren, chanel handbags, coach purses, nike free

At 1:20 AM, Blogger oakleyses said...

north face pas cher, converse pas cher, hermes pas cher, oakley pas cher, vans pas cher, michael kors canada, mulberry, lacoste pas cher, sac michael kors, nike air max, ralph lauren, nike huarache, nike trainers, nike free pas cher, longchamp pas cher, nike blazer pas cher, burberry pas cher, michael kors uk, sac vanessa bruno, louis vuitton, hollister, timberland, chaussure louboutin, true religion outlet, louis vuitton uk, ray ban uk, north face, air jordan, longchamp, true religion, louis vuitton pas cher, lululemon, tn pas cher, barbour, sac louis vuitton, guess pas cher, ray ban pas cher, air max, scarpe hogan, nike air force, nike free, ralph lauren pas cher, nike roshe, air max pas cher, true religion outlet, new balance pas cher, abercrombie and fitch, nike roshe run, hollister, nike air max

At 1:21 AM, Blogger oakleyses said...

p90x workout, soccer shoes, asics shoes, ugg boots, wedding dresses, ugg outlet, beats headphones, mont blanc pens, herve leger, lululemon outlet, marc jacobs outlet, rolex watches, reebok outlet, hollister, canada goose, longchamp, ghd, canada goose outlet, jimmy choo shoes, vans outlet, nfl jerseys, soccer jerseys, uggs outlet, canada goose pas cher, instyler ionic styler, abercrombie and fitch, bottega veneta, babyliss pro, ferragamo shoes, moncler, new balance outlet, ugg, roshe run, moncler outlet, north face jackets, canada goose outlet, uggs on sale, birkin bag, mcm handbags, celine handbags, ugg soldes, giuseppe zanotti, canada goose outlet, north face outlet, chi flat iron, insanity workout, moncler, mac cosmetics, canada goose uk, valentino shoes

At 6:57 PM, Blogger oakleyses said...

oakley sunglasses, michael kors outlet, tory burch outlet, christian louboutin, christian louboutin uk, longchamp outlet, prada outlet, michael kors outlet store, longchamp outlet, polo ralph lauren outlet online, tiffany and co, ray ban sunglasses, replica watches, coach outlet, oakley sunglasses wholesale, nike air max, michael kors outlet, coach purses, oakley sunglasses, ray ban sunglasses, michael kors outlet online, coach outlet store online, christian louboutin shoes, kate spade, true religion outlet, burberry handbags, nike outlet, jordan shoes, polo outlet, coach outlet, nike air max, michael kors outlet online, chanel handbags, burberry outlet, tiffany jewelry, prada handbags, longchamp outlet, michael kors outlet online, gucci handbags, kate spade outlet, christian louboutin outlet, nike free

At 7:00 PM, Blogger oakleyses said...

converse pas cher, ray ban pas cher, north face, nike free run, sac vanessa bruno, burberry pas cher, sac hermes, nike air force, nike free uk, lululemon canada, new balance, north face uk, nike tn, guess pas cher, michael kors, nike air max uk, timberland pas cher, nike air max, true religion jeans, hollister uk, true religion outlet, nike roshe, ray ban uk, louboutin pas cher, longchamp pas cher, air max, hollister pas cher, ralph lauren uk, jordan pas cher, nike air max uk, polo ralph lauren, michael kors pas cher, hogan outlet, sac longchamp pas cher, true religion outlet, polo lacoste, abercrombie and fitch uk, vans pas cher, michael kors outlet, nike blazer pas cher, mulberry uk, oakley pas cher

At 7:04 PM, Blogger oakleyses said...

celine handbags, iphone 6 cases, mcm handbags, reebok outlet, insanity workout, longchamp uk, timberland boots, hermes belt, hollister clothing, beats by dre, oakley, nike roshe run uk, giuseppe zanotti outlet, north face outlet, soccer shoes, nike roshe run, mac cosmetics, soccer jerseys, ghd hair, ferragamo shoes, vans outlet, nike trainers uk, nike huaraches, herve leger, abercrombie and fitch, p90x workout, babyliss, mont blanc pens, asics running shoes, instyler, hollister, new balance shoes, baseball bats, lululemon, wedding dresses, chi flat iron, valentino shoes, nfl jerseys, bottega veneta, nike air max, jimmy choo outlet, north face outlet

At 7:06 PM, Blogger oakleyses said...

toms shoes, pandora jewelry, ugg,ugg australia,ugg italia, louboutin, ugg boots, supra shoes, ray ban, swarovski, juicy couture outlet, vans, uggs on sale, converse, ugg,uggs,uggs canada, juicy couture outlet, thomas sabo, lancel, karen millen uk, nike air max, hollister, uggs outlet, ugg boots, uggs outlet, hollister, replica watches, ugg pas cher, gucci, swarovski crystal, ralph lauren, wedding dresses, ugg, converse outlet, pandora charms, ugg uk, pandora uk, marc jacobs, coach outlet, links of london, montre pas cher

At 9:43 PM, Blogger oakleyses said...

burberry handbags, prada outlet, ray ban sunglasses, gucci handbags, tiffany and co, louis vuitton, christian louboutin outlet, christian louboutin uk, tory burch outlet, ray ban sunglasses, polo ralph lauren outlet online, louis vuitton outlet, jordan shoes, michael kors outlet online, nike air max, christian louboutin, ray ban sunglasses, louis vuitton outlet, longchamp outlet, prada handbags, michael kors outlet online, uggs outlet, christian louboutin shoes, uggs on sale, ugg boots, louis vuitton outlet, chanel handbags, longchamp outlet, oakley sunglasses, nike outlet, louis vuitton, uggs outlet, polo outlet, michael kors outlet, burberry outlet, tiffany jewelry, michael kors outlet online, oakley sunglasses, nike air max, ugg boots, michael kors outlet online, oakley sunglasses, replica watches, nike free, michael kors outlet, replica watches, longchamp outlet, kate spade outlet

At 9:44 PM, Blogger oakleyses said...

sac vanessa bruno, hollister uk, polo lacoste, vans pas cher, nike roshe run uk, nike free uk, true religion outlet, air max, polo ralph lauren, coach purses, louboutin pas cher, hollister pas cher, kate spade, lululemon canada, timberland pas cher, michael kors outlet, sac longchamp pas cher, michael kors pas cher, ray ban pas cher, true religion outlet, abercrombie and fitch uk, nike air max uk, replica handbags, nike air max uk, nike blazer pas cher, coach outlet, nike roshe, michael kors, mulberry uk, coach outlet store online, burberry pas cher, guess pas cher, nike air max, sac hermes, michael kors, north face uk, hogan outlet, north face, converse pas cher, oakley pas cher, ralph lauren uk, true religion outlet, new balance, jordan pas cher, nike free run, nike tn, longchamp pas cher, true religion jeans, nike air force, ray ban uk

At 9:48 PM, Blogger oakleyses said...

hollister, north face outlet, mac cosmetics, baseball bats, nike huaraches, babyliss, new balance shoes, iphone cases, chi flat iron, louboutin, ferragamo shoes, iphone 5s cases, longchamp uk, soccer shoes, mcm handbags, nike roshe run, timberland boots, mont blanc pens, vans outlet, bottega veneta, instyler, oakley, ralph lauren, valentino shoes, giuseppe zanotti outlet, s6 case, p90x workout, celine handbags, iphone 6s plus cases, herve leger, north face outlet, nike trainers uk, ipad cases, iphone 6s cases, lululemon, wedding dresses, nike air max, abercrombie and fitch, nfl jerseys, hermes belt, insanity workout, ghd hair, asics running shoes, beats by dre, iphone 6 cases, reebok outlet, jimmy choo outlet, soccer jerseys, hollister clothing, iphone 6 plus cases

At 11:35 PM, Blogger oakleyses said...

pandora jewelry, canada goose uk, canada goose, barbour, moncler, karen millen uk, swarovski crystal, replica watches, louis vuitton, canada goose, louis vuitton, juicy couture outlet, nike air max, lancel, swarovski, canada goose jackets, gucci, converse, thomas sabo, canada goose outlet, pandora charms, ugg,uggs,uggs canada, juicy couture outlet, doudoune moncler, hollister, moncler, montre pas cher, coach outlet, links of london, hollister, ugg uk, ugg, toms shoes, marc jacobs, pandora uk, vans, canada goose, moncler, canada goose outlet, moncler outlet, moncler outlet, louis vuitton, moncler, ray ban, louis vuitton, louis vuitton, converse outlet, moncler uk, ugg,ugg australia,ugg italia, supra shoes, barbour uk


Post a Comment

<< Home |

Search for
Get a Free Search Engine for Your Web Site

Web Site Counter
FREE hit counter and Internet traffic statistics from
1-Hit Search Engine Optimization and Search Engine Submission
Click Here Subscribe with Bloglines Listed in LS Blogs Blog Directory & Search engineWeb Counter Site Meter